Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis is unique because it can grow both aerobically and anaerobically (both in the presence or absence of oxygen). This is an uncommon trait for nearly any commercially produced bacteria culture. Because of this, L. lactis ssp. lactis can continue to work in volatile conditions.
This organism can also produce Nisin, an antibiotic-adjacent substance that can prohibit pathogens such as Listeria, Staphylococcus, and Clostridium, reducing butyric acid and its odors.
In silage inoculants, L. lactis significantly reduces the growth of yeasts and molds and improves dry matter recover in the top layer of forage.
Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. animalis is an anaerobic member of the LAB (lactic acid bacteria) family and is classified commercially as a probiotic.
This organism is found in the digestive tract of many mammals including humans, dogs, and calves – and
is plentifully found in newborn mammals when various Bifidobacteria are acquired by the newborn from its mother.
In various laboratory studies, B. animalis has been shown to exhibit clinically relevant traits including immune modulation, epithelial adherence (the membrane-like substance made of cells that surrounds internal organs), and enhancement of gut barrier function.
Bacillus coagulans is a spore-forming, L+ lactic-acid-producing microorganism. Due to the unique amount of lactic acid B. coagulans produces, it was originally classified taxonomically as Lactobacillus sporogenes. Yet, because of the protective spore it forms around itself like other Bacillus species, it was later re-classified.
Because of this unique history, B. coagulans is thought of as a "best-of-both-worlds" organism: it has the added protection of it's spore with the desired benefits of good lactic acid production.